March 2016 US passenger airline employment data released


WASHINGTON, DC – US scheduled passenger airlines employed 3.9 percent more workers in March 2016 than in March 2015, the US Department of Transportation’s Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) reported today. March was the highest monthly total (406,113) since August 2008 and was the 28th consecutive month that US scheduled passenger airline full-time equivalent (FTE) employment exceeded the same month of the previous year.

Month-to-month, the number of FTEs rose 0.5 percent from February to March. Scheduled passenger airline categories include network, low-cost, regional and other airlines.

The four network airlines that collectively employ two-thirds of the scheduled passenger airline FTEs reported 2.9 percent more FTEs in March 2016 than in March 2015. Alaska Airlines, Delta Air Lines and United Airlines increased FTEs from March 2015. The fourth network airline, American Airlines, which has merged with US Airways, reported 3.3 percent more FTEs in March 2016 than American and US Airways reported separately in March 2015. July 2015 was the first month for which the two merged airlines submitted a combined report. Month-to-month, the number of network airline FTEs rose 0.5 percent from February to March. Network airlines operate a significant portion of their flights using at least one hub where connections are made for flights to down-line destinations or spoke cities.

The six low-cost carriers reported 9.6 percent more FTEs in March 2016 than in March 2015 (Table 10). Allegiant Airlines, Spirit Airlines, Virgin America, JetBlue Airways and Southwest Airlines reported increases while Frontier Airlines reported reduced FTEs. Month-to-month, the number of low-cost airline FTEs rose 4.2 percent from February to March, rising for the 12th consecutive month. Low-cost airlines operate under a low-cost business model, with infrastructure and aircraft operating costs below the overall industry average.

The 12 regional carriers reported 0.4 percent more FTEs in March 2016 than in March 2015. Eight regional airlines – PSA Airlines, Mesa Airlines, Compass Airlines, Horizon Air, SkyWest Airlines, GoJet Airlines, Republic Airlines and Endeavor Air – reported increased employment levels. The others reported decreases. Month-to-month, the number of regional airline FTEs rose 0.3 percent from February to March. Regional carriers typically provide service from small cities, using primarily regional jets to support the network carriers’ hub and spoke systems.