Mkomazi National Park boasts an array of wildlife including more than 20 species of mammals and some 450 species of birds. Birdlife includes hornbills, weavers, martial eagles, and violet wood hoopoes.
Some 78 species of mammals have been recorded, including elephant, buffalo, lion, leopard, cheetah, black-backed jackal, hyena, warthog, aardwolf, giraffe, Oryx, gerenuk, hartebeest, lesser kudu, eland, impala. and Grant’s gazelle.
Through the George Adamson Wildlife Preservation Trust, the black rhino was reintroduced into a heavily-protected and fenced area within the Mkomazi National Park which is now conserving and breeding black rhinos.
African black rhinos were translocated to Mkomazi from other parks in Africa and Europe. Black rhinos in Africa have over the years been the most hunted animal species facing great dangers to their extinction due to a high demand in the Far East.
Covering an area of 3,245 kilometers, Mkomazi National Park is one of Tanzania’s newly-established wildlife parks where wild dogs are protected together with the black rhinos. Tourists visiting this park may see wild dogs which are counted among endangered species in Africa.
In past decades, black rhinos used to roam freely between the Mkomazi and Tsavo wildlife ecosystem, extending from Tsavo West National Park in Kenya to the lower slopes of Mount Kilimanjaro.
Save the Rhino, an international organization for the protection and conservation of rhinos had estimated that 500,000 rhinos lived across Africa and Asia 100 years ago. Today, Save the Rhino says less than 29,000 rhinos exist in the world, mostly in Africa.
African black rhinos are a native species living in Eastern and Southern African range states. They are classified as critically endangered species with at least three sub-species declared extinct by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
When planning African safari, tourists mostly from Europe, America and Asia would now get a chance to add to their visiting itineraries, a few days’ tour of Mkomazi National Park to see the rare and remaining African black rhino.