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Sri Lanka Tourism in crisis: Managing and seeking out opportunities


The Rapid Response Team by Safertourism reached out to Sri Lanka tourism authorities including the minister of tourism and industry leaders within hours of the devastating terror attack on the country. Safertourism is standing by if Sri Lanka tourism officials are ready to respond, says Dr. Peter Tarlow, president of

Sri Lanka tourism is currently going through a major crisis as a result of the devastation of the Easter 2019 terrorist attacks. Occupancies are at rock bottom levels and staff is being laid off and some hotels are partially closed down. However in this environment of ‘doom and gloom’, a proper crisis management plan has to be implemented to tide over the rough times being experienced. In addition, there are also opportunities to be availed off. Hotels should seize this opportunity to retool, upgrade service standards, streamline operations for greater productivity and be prepared to relaunch themselves as leaner efficient and customer focused organizations once the turnaround arrives

There is no doubt that the terrible events that unfolded on Easter Sunday on 21st May 2019 were unprecedented in Sri Lanka, and possibly even in the South East Asian region, where some 250 innocent civilians lost their lives, leaving another 500 or more injured. With the ensuing travel advisories imposed by some 20+ countries against travel to Sri Lanka, the Tourism industry is currently devastated, with island-wide foreign occupancy being about 10-12%.

The local tourism industry has very been resilient withstanding and weathering a 25+ yearlong internal civil strife, 9/11, SARS, Bird flu and Tsunamis. However, it appears that this crisis is the ‘mother of all crises’. Hotels are virtually empty and hundreds of casual staff have been laid off. Even existing permanent staff are given compulsory leave and sent home. Service charge has plummeted down, and staff, who are generally used to having their service charge augment their monthly salaries, now find themselves in dire financial trouble, not being able to make both ends meet.  Many hotels are battling with serious cash flow issues, although the government relief package announced, may bring in some respite. All this creates an environment of doom and gloom, with motivation levels hitting rock bottom.

In responding to this crisis firstly one has to come to terms with the calamity and respond to the immediate need and then only manage the crisis response properly

It would also be worthwhile to take some time and assess whether it is really all ‘doom and gloom’? Are there any opportunities to be found amidst this desolation? Many learned men have said that there are opportunities to be found in every difficult situation. So there are many initiatives that can be taken at grass root operations level.

1.0 Managing the response to the Crisis

1.1 Crisis Management team

  • The first response is to set up a small crisis management team of senior executives who should meet under the chairmanship of the manager each day to review and plan for the next day.
  • Everything must be openly discussed and clear decisions must be made decisively.
  • Security situation must be updated and reviewed carefully
  • Journalists are bound to start calling for updates. There must be only one senior spokesman to answer all queries as it makes sense to have one focal point to deal with press and media.
  • Track occupancy, arrivals and nationalities, type of bookings, forward bookings and cancelations on a daily to see for emerging trends

1.2 Public Relations

Usually, all PR and communication activities are left to the Tourism authorities during a crisis. However, there is much PR that can be done at an operational level individually to help the recovery process.

  • Many of the hotel clients would contact the hotel directly to find out about the situation.
  • Be honest and credible in what you communicate
  • Quote authentic sources
  • Try to send out the hotel’s own update of the situation to the hotels’ client mailing list on a weekly basis. ( Most hotels have good CRM systems which will have a database of clients)
  • Send out the good stories from tourists in the hotel who are enjoying Sri Lanka currently. Preferably use video clips and also live feeds
  • Use the hotel Facebook page and web site. and other social media such as Twitter, Instagram, etc. to get out the good stories
  • Reach out to repeat clients and offer special packages ( Bring a friend and get 25% off)

1.3 Cash Flow

  • In operations, cash is always king, but more so during a crisis.
  • Go thru all expenditure and cut down all non-essential outflows.
  • Prepare a new 3-month crisis budget and track that. All previous budgets will now be redundant
  • Forget about ARR’s ADR’s and Profit. Just focus on Cash flow. Cash is critical at this time
  • Review cash flow daily
  • Focus on debt collection.
  • Extra vigilance on credit facilities 

1.4 Staff

  • Staff is a hotel’s most important asset.
  • Therefore keep staff in the loop. They will be concerned about what’s going to happen to them, so communicating with them is also important.
  • Conduct staff meetings frequently
  • Unfortunately, in operations, you will have to cut down on all temporary staff and casuals
  • Having less staff on site will reduce food costs and other peripheral staff costs such as laundering of uniforms
  • Give and exhaust all accumulated leave of permanent staff.

1.5 Housekeeping & Maintenance

Expenditure in these areas are the easiest to slash, sometimes at a great cost in the long term. So the focus should be on careful ‘cost management’ rather than ‘cost cutting’

  • Be careful in restricting work in these areas
  • Rooms simply shut down become musty with mildew over time, costing more in the long run to prepare them for proper use, when business turns around.
  • They should be regularly aired, dusted and cleaned
  • Essential maintenance work must continue.
  • A hotel plant kept without basic maintenance will need greater inputs to start up for normal operations after a long closure.
  • Air conditioning plants must be run for short hours, and water systems checked periodically.
  • Therefore a skeleton staff must be always working continuously in these areas

2.0 Seeking out the opportunities

2.1 Train and upskill staff

During normal operational times, it is a well known fact that staff training of a formal nature takes a back seat. With busy operations going on, most hotels depend on informal on-the-job training with very little corrective supervision.

It is also known that Sri Lanka tourism is slowly losing its edge in customer care. Warm welcoming smiles and professional and friendly service is deteriorating, and what better time than a downtime during a crisis such as this, to address this issue.

  • Hence a lull in operations created by a crisis is an ideal time to embark on crash courses on training of various skills, (both practical/ professional and soft) in a cohesive and organized manner.
  • Certain specific shortcomings identified by customer feedback could also be addressed.
  • Training should be more along formal lines, with classroom and practical mock-up/role play sessions
  • With staff thus well trained, when business recovers the organization could leverage a more competitive edge in service delivery.


2.2 Major outstanding maintenance /upgrading work

In any hotel operations there a number of engineering projects both new and upgrades, which tend to get postponed due to normal day-day operational pressures. Sometimes these projects get postponed due to the disturbance that it may cause guests and the inability to shut down rooms. Therefore at a time like this some of these projects can be implemented.

  • Installation of solar panels, re-insulating air-conditioning chilled water lines, complete maintenance of boilers, hot water systems are some of the areas that could be focused on
  • Upgrading and thorough maintenance of these systems will result in higher operational efficiencies in the future
  • Of course, this would depend on available cash reserves for such work to be undertaken at this time.


2.3 Review all systems and procedures

During busy times with the need for controls. many procedures and systems are introduced along the way, as and when issues arise in the day –to-day operations.  All these add up over time and cause bottlenecks and bureaucracy, sometimes impeding good customer service and productivity.

  • Review all operational systems and procedures to eliminate bottlenecks and focus on productivity improvement and streamlining.
  • Do a work study to review all work systems and improve/change as needed.


2.4 Review of operational overheads

Similar to systems and procedures that accumulate over time, not much time is spent on studying analysing operating margins on various activities in operations. A downtime such as this crisis provides the ideal opportunity to review past operations and trimming operations.

  • Analyze past monthly performance and study operating margins
  • Review with respective line managers how margins could be improved.
  • Review modify and even pull the plug on non-core activities.

2.5 Focus on sustainability

Sustainable tourism development is the future direction of tourism the world over. Being a country blessed with a range of natural beauty, Sri Lanka tourism has, therefore, to be focused on following good sustainable consumption practices (SCP). Downtime during a crisis affords an opportunity to work on this area

  • Undertake energy audits in specific areas
  • Train staff in proper SCP
  • Set up energy management teams in each department
  • Review and improve on data recording

3.0 Conclusions

It is thus clear that downtime in a crisis frees up the time of key operational staff to focus inwards and to review operational efficiency, which otherwise gets neglected in the day to day hustle and bustle of the service industry.

Hence all hotels should take this opportunity to focus on these aspects and streamline their operations so that when the turnaround arrives, the organization will be a leaner, more customer-focused, competitive and efficient outfit.



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About the author

Srilal Miththapala - eTN Sri Lanka