The tiny Pacific island nation of Palau will ban “reef-toxic” sunscreens from 2020 in what it claims is a world-first initiative to stop chemical pollution killing its famed corals.
Palau, which lies in the western Pacific about halfway between Australia and Japan, is regarded as one of the world’s best diving destinations, but the government is concerned its popularity is coming at a cost.
A spokesman for President Tommy Remengesau said there was scientific evidence that the chemicals found in most sunscreens are toxic to corals, even in minute doses.
He said Palau’s dive sites typically hosted about four boats an hour packed with tourists, leading to concerns a build-up of chemicals could see the reefs reach tipping point.
“On any given day that equates to gallons of sunscreen going into the ocean in Palau’s famous dive spots and snorkeling places,” he told AFP.
“We’re just looking at what we can do to prevent pollution getting into the environment.”
The government has passed a law banning “reef-toxic” sunscreen from Jan 1, 2020.
Anyone importing or selling banned sunscreen from that date faces a US$1,000 (3,300 baht) fine, while tourists who bring it into the country will have it confiscated.
“The power to confiscate sunscreens should be enough to deter their non-commercial use, and these provisions walk a smart balance between educating tourists and scaring them away,” Remengesau told parliament after the bill passed last week.
The US state of Hawaii announced a ban on reef toxic sunscreens in May this year, but it does not come into force until 2021, a year after Palau’s.